A newborn star gives astronomers a spectacular show with the help of a shiny blue nebula. The star named HD 97300 is located in the Chamaeleon Complex constellation at a distance of five hundred light years from Earth.
The incredible light show was spotted with the help of the La Silla Observatory of the European Space Observatory, situated in Chile. The researchers of ESO have recently released the beautiful footage that was captured with a MPG/ESO 2.2 meter telescope. The blue reflection nebula named IC 2631 is the result of the reflection of the star in dust particles. But this is not all that the nebula has to reveal.
It appears that the newborn star is not singular in the space area, but other cosmic objects could not be spotted through the thick cloud made of dust and gas. At the moment, HD 97300 is emitting a powerful light, which usually happens in this phase of the creation of a star, otherwise known as T Tauri. The moment will pass quickly, and its light is expected to soon fade away.
The newborn star will have small dimensions and has currently reached the youngest phase in its life. As it grows older, it will start fusing hydrogen with helium and thus lose some of its size. More stars are expected to appear in the Chamaeleon Complex constellation, since the area is full of the material that helps them be born.
Going back to the nebula, the celestial visual representation could not shine by itself, and thus needs the help of other illuminating objects to display a colorful show. Since it is made of interstellar dust, the nebula can easily reflect the stars’ light. However, the stars need to be quite close to it for their light to reach the nebula.
Unfortunately for the interstellar dust cloud, the stars cannot generate enough light to build an emission nebula that can emit light by itself. In order to do so, they would have to have higher temperatures that would give them the capability of ionizing gas and supporting the creation of such a nebula.
The scattering process of the material that surrounds nebulae usually gives them the blue color, and is the same as the one that renders red sunsets and blue skies. Scientists have discovered about five hundred nebulae. A newborn star gives astronomers a spectacular show, but there are many other events in the space sky that are even more breathtaking.
Image Source: Pasion Noticias