A new report shows that the racial gap widens among college graduates with more white people getting a college degree than blacks and Latinos.
Researchers have studied data from 2007 to 2015 and concluded that the racial gap widened during the seven years analyzed, even if the number of graduates has risen among all.
If in 2007 about 28 percent of black adults held at least a college degree of two years, in 2015 about 33 percent of black adult population held a diploma which translates into a five percent rise. For Latinos the figure went up from 19 percent eight years ago to about 23 percent last year – a rise of four percent. At the same time the rate of white graduates has risen six percent, from 41 percent in 2007 to 47 percent in 2015.
The widening race gap might be a result of the funding cuts triggered by the financial crises in 2008. State’s funding to public colleges has dropped with 21 percent per student while the tuition raised by 28 percent. So a student must pay 49 percent more out of his pocket for a college education. This has a dramatically disproportionate effect on poor students of which the most are black and Latino.
Even if in the post-crisis period some colleges increased their funding only two states gave back what they took during the crisis.
The states with the widest gaps between whites and blacks are California, Nevada and Ohio – each with 18 points difference; Colorado with 19 points; Minnesota with 20 points; Massachusetts and Connecticut each with 21 points; North Carolina with 22 points; Wisconsin with 23 points and the widest gap is in West Virginia with a difference of 24 points or more exactly 48 percent of whites have a college degree while only 24 percent of blacks graduated college.
The gaps between whites and Latinos are even wider, the top states being: Vermont, North Carolina, Virginia and Illinois with 26 points difference; New York with 27 points; Connecticut with 28 points; Nevada with 29 points; Massachusetts with 30 points; Colorado with 33 points and the biggest difference of 34 points is in California, where 51 percent of whites and 17 percent of Latinos have a college degree.
Analysts predict that only five years from now, in 2020, over 65 percent of the jobs will require college education and above. That is going to affect the minorities population even further and the economic gap between the whites on one side and black and Latinos on the other side is going to widen even more.
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