Following a computerized simulation, the origin of gravitational waves looks like it’s connected to two black holes interacting. LIGO, the Gravitational Wave Laser Interferometer Observatory, has been used to find gravitational waves and since September, everybody has been wondering how they appeared.
Nature magazine has published a study which features a nearly complete model of Universal matter and makes predictions about black holes soon to be merging. These findings were made possible with the help of second generation detectors of gravitational waves.
Einstein’s theory of relativity was confirmed by directly detecting gravitational waves. This achievement was possible thanks to an Interferometer Laser Observatory for Gravitational waves, LIGO- in short. Interesting fact, LIGO’s sophisticated mirror is made from half a million dollar’s worth of silica gas.
Professors from the RIT Mathematics School and Warsaw University have concluded that different places in the Universe produce more combinations of black holes than other places, and these differences should be taken into account.
Huge stars that implode sometimes end up as black holes. Such occurrences of not so evolved stars are very rare and appear in patterns across the universe. These stars, which are linked to an early version of the Universe, contain mostly pristine hydrogen, so they are dubbed “Titan Stars.”
Other, younger stars incorporated the remains of their predecessors that contain heavy elements, which in turn prevented them from growing.
The LIGO proved more sensitive to black holes with great mass, which act like producers of black hole pairs.
Scientists believe that massive black holes have their own spinning orbit, making them impervious to the collapse of the star’s core. Smaller black holes, however, sometimes shift their orbit because of the core collapsing.
The calculations on the origin of gravitational waves featured in Nature magazine are very precise, and the model may be used for further research on the gravitational astronomical matter.
This experiment may lead to the improvement of future tools of observation and techniques. For example, it could reveal more about the expansion of the Universe and change the way we look at black holes and dark matter forever. Another first for LIGO is that this is the first observatory launched into space to give us a clue on how galaxies develop.
Thus, a new science is born, called the astronomy of the origin of gravitational waves, making these top scientists feel like the parents of a promising new-born.